When you sell or transfer the ownership of a vehicle in the State of North Carolina you have to complete the Odometer Reading on the back of the Certificate of title in the First Re-assignment of Title by Registered Owner – section A. The law requires to state the mileage for any vehicle model year 2011 or newer, self-propelled, and with a registered weight of 16,000 lbs. or less. Also the seller’s signature on the title must be notarized so you need to sign on the title in the presence of a Notary Public. In certain cases you may also use the state-approved Odometer Disclosure Statement Form MVR-180. You can find more about this below.
In the State of North Carolina the following vehicle types are exempt from odometer disclosure requirements: all vehicles model year 2010 or older, all vehicles with a registered weight over 16,000 pounds, non-motorized vehicles (trailer-type), low-speed vehicles (LSV), scooters, and mopeds.
When the vehicle is not exempt from odometer disclosure you need to state the odometer reading in any type of vehicle ownership transfer (sale, donation, gift) or transfer to a family member.
Please understand that an inaccurate statement, or failure to complete an odometer statement, may result in fines and/or imprisonment.
North Carolina Odometer Disclosure Statement Form
Below you cand find details about the North Carolina state-approved fillable PDF form MVR-180 for your use.
The North Carolina Odometer Disclosure Statement Form MVR-180 is composed of four sections. Below you will learn how to complete this form:
The first section includes the vehicle information details. So here complete first the Year, Make, Body style (type), Model, and VIN Number. Lastly fill in the last Plate Number on the vehicle:
In the second section complete first the full name of the seller. Particularly the name must be PRINTED. This means to use only Capital Letters to write SELLER’S NAME. Next fill in the current odometer reading. Please use only digits without tenths. Also you may need to check the corresponding box if the odometer reading is in excess of its mechanical limits. Or you may check the corresponding box if the odometer is not the actual mileage:
In the third section complete the seller’s certification and details. So here first complete seller’s signature as certification. Next fill in the full name of the seller. Please note that the name must be PRINTED. This means to use only Capital Letters to write SELLER’S NAME. Following fill in the seller’s address, City, State, and ZIP code. Lastly complete the certification date:
At the last section complete the buyer’s certification and details. So first here complete buyer’s signature as certification. Next complete the full name of the buyer. Please note that the name must be PRINTED. This means to use only Capital Letters to write BUYER’S NAME. Following fill in the buyer’s address, City, State, and ZIP code. Finally complete the certification date:
Please note not to make any corrections or alterations on this form because doing so may void the form above.
In the State of North Carolina you may need to complete also the North Carolina Odometer Disclosure Statement Form – Form MVR-180 (Rev. 12/20). You may use this form to keep a record of a vehicle sale together with a copy of the assigned Certificate of title.
If you don’t know how to get an exact odometer reading you can find more details here: Reading the Odometer – How to read an Odometer.
You may also complete the form by hand. However in this case don’t forget to use a pen with blue or black ink and not a pencil!
How to fill out the North Carolina Odometer Disclosure Statement
Below you will find instructions to fill out the odometer disclosure reading statement on the back of the North Carolina Certificate of Title. In a private transaction you need to complete the required details in section A – First Re-assignment of Title by Registered Owner. Please use a pen with black or blue ink and not a pencil. Also do not make any alterations or erasures on the title because you will void the title! Before you start to write on the title read first all the instructions. Also the seller needs to sign and hand print their name in front of a Notary Public!
First the seller certifies the vehicle transfer and fills out the details of the buyer. So fill out here the FULL PRINTED NAME of the buyer and then the buyer’s address, city, state and ZIP code.
After that the seller certifies and states the current odometer reading as the Actual Mileage. Use here only digits without tenths. Only if it’s the case the seller may check the first box if the Odometer reading entered is in EXCESS of the odometer’s mechanical limits. Or the seller can check the second box if the Odometer reading entered is NOT the Actual Mileage (Warning – Odometer Discrepancy).
Then the seller will check one of the boxes with Yes or No to the following situations. If the vehicle has been involved in a collision or other occurrence to the extent that the cost to repair exceeds 25% of fair market value. Or if the vehicle has been a flood vehicle or has been a reconstructed or a salvage vehicle.
Next fill out the date when the vehicle was delivered to the buyer or purchaser.
Important! The seller needs to sign and HAND PRINT their name in the presence of a Notary Public. So do not sign on the title as a seller in the absence of a notary!
Finally the buyer(s) signs and completes their HAND PRINTED NAME:
Odometer Fraud in North Carolina
If you suspect you are a victim of odometer fraud and/or curbstoning you can visit an NCDMV License & Theft Bureau office. You may also contact the local law enforcement agency, or you can submit a complaint by visiting the NCDMV License & Theft Portal.
Find more about the North Carolina Division of Motor Vehicles
For more details and information go to North Carolina Division of Motor Vehicles.
NCDOT works hard to provide high-quality transportation for travelers throughout the state of North Carolina. NCDOT manages highways, rail, aviation, ferries, bicycle and pedestrian facilities, and public transit.